What are the early signs of diabetes?
Diabetes is referred to as a metabolic disorder that occurs when a person’s blood sugar (glucose), is too high (hyperglycemia). Our body uses glucose from the food we eat as energy by using a hormone produced in the pancreas called insulin. It’s a silent assassin because you can’t possibly tell in the early stages that you have this disease. When the human body stops producing sufficient insulin or your body becomes resistant to insulin, the glucose does not reach your body to be used as energy. As a result, you get a health condition called diabetes.
There are two main types of diabetes.
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes was also formerly called juvenile diabetes because it is usually diagnosed in a person during childhood. Type 1 diabetes is seen as an autoimmune condition in which the human body does not produce insulin because the person’s immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells from the pancreas. These are called the beta cells. Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin.
Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes
You might notice:
Unplanned weight loss. If your body can’t obtain energy from your food, it will begin burning muscle and fat of the body for energy instead. One may lose weight even though you haven’t changed your eating habit.
Nausea and vomiting. When your body turns to burn fat, it makes ketones. These can build up in your blood to alarming levels, a possibly life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis. Ketones can make you feel sick.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is a physical disorder in which the human body’s cells cannot use blood sugar (Glucose) appropriately for energy. This normally happens when blood sugar levels get too high over time, and the cells become resistant or insensitive to insulin. This phenomenon is called insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes can be treated using a variety of medications.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
These appear to show up after your glucose has been high for a long time.
Yeast infections. Men and women having diabetes can get these. Yeast feeds on glucose, and having plenty around makes it flourish. Infections can grow in any warm, moist area of skin, including:
- Between fingers and toes
- Under breasts
- In or around sex organs
Slow-healing sores or cuts. With the passage of time, high blood sugar can affect your overall blood flow and cause nerve damage that makes it very difficult for your body to heal wounds.
Pain or numbness in your feet or legs. This is another result of nerve damage.
What is prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a physical health condition in which blood sugar levels are slightly higher than average. At this stage, the person does not have diabetes. Higher blood glucose levels and prediabetes is a risk factor for developing diabetes, heart disease and other health issues. Signs of prediabetes may include the urge to urinate more and increased thirst.
What warning indications and symptoms of diabetes are common in both men and women?
There are several diabetes warning signs and symptoms that are same in both women and men, for example:
- Blurred vision
- Skin infections
- Weight gain or loss
- Slow-healing wounds
- More thirst and hunger
- Numbness in the hands or feet
- Breath scent that is fruity, sweet, or an acetone smell
- Obscuring of skin in territories of body wrinkles (acanthosis nigricans)
- More often urination (from urinary tract infections or kidney problems)
What warning diabetic signs and symptoms are unique to men only?
Indications and symptoms of diabetes unique to men may include:
- Retrograde ejaculation
- Low testosterone (low-T)
- Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence)
- Decreased sex drive and sexual dysfunction
What are the hazard factors for diabetes in men?
Sexual orientation is a hazard factor for diabetes, and men are at higher hazard for developing type 2 diabetes than ladies.
Other hazard factors for developing diabetes for the two genders may include:
- Lack of sleep
- High cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Excess alcohol intake
- Low testosterone in men
- Fat distribution: more fat around the middle
- Family history: first degree relative with diabetes
- An idle way of life (absence of activity or potentially not truly dynamic)
- Ethnicity: an expanded hazard for Asians, Hispanics, and African Americans
- Unfortunate eating routine with an unhealthy diet containing sugars and lacking useful mixes to develop health.
What are the long-term health complications for a diabetic patient?
Long-term diabetes-related complications may include:
- Heart disease
- Skin infections
- Kidney disease
- Yeast infections
- High blood pressure
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Nerve damage and neuropathy (nerve pain)
- Retinopathy (nerve damage in the eye or blindness)
Is there a test to analyze type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
Your doctor or other healthcare providers may order urine and blood tests to find out if you have diabetes. There are a few distinct sorts of blood tests used to analyze diabetes.
Arbitrary glucose test: This is a trial of your glucose right when your blood is drawn. However, this number can fluctuate significantly, depending on when you last ate.
Fasting blood sugar test: After fasting for twelve hours, a glucose level is checked in your blood. If it is high, it is a clear sign of diabetes.
Haemoglobin A1C test: This test tells your primary care physician how your average blood glucose level has been in the course of the last 2-3 months.
Normal ranges for HbA1c are between 4% and 5.6%.
HbA1c levels that range from 5.7% to 6.4% indicates an increased risk of diabetes.
HbA1c levels higher than 6.5% demonstrate diabetes, while higher rates show either intensifying diabetic ailment or poor reaction to diabetic medicines.
Oral glucose resistance test: This test is taken once in a while in men. However, it quantifies your body’s reaction to a lot of glucose.
Warning Signs of Diabetes Complications
Signs of type 2 diabetes’ complications may include:
- Decreased vision
- Recent weight gain
- Frequent yeast infections
- Slow-healing sores or cuts
- Impotence or erectile dysfunction (ED)
- Numbness and tingling of the hands and feet
- Irritated skin (generally around the vaginal or crotch region)
- Smooth, brown complexion changes of the neck, armpit, and crotch, called acanthosis nigricans
Importance of early diagnosis:
Monitoring the early signs of type 2 diabetes can allow a person to get a diagnosis and treatment sooner. Getting appropriate treatment, making way of life changes, and controlling glucose levels can enormously improve an individual’s wellbeing and personal satisfaction and diminish the danger of intricacies.
Without treatment, diligently high glucose levels can prompt extreme and now and then dangerous intricacies, including:
- heart disease
- foot problems
- eye disease or loss of vision
- nerve damage, or neuropathy
- sexual problems in both men and women
- kidney sickness, which can bring about an individual requiring dialysis.
Untreated diabetes can likewise prompt hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic disorder (HHNS), which causes a serious and tireless increment in glucose levels.
A sickness or contamination will generally trigger HHNS, which may require hospitalization. This sudden complication normally tends to affect older people.
Monitoring glucose levels is significant for forestalling a portion of these intricacies.
The more extended that glucose levels stay uncontrolled, the higher the danger of other medical issues.
This is a serious disease, and it cannot be taken lightly. As you have read in the above paragraphs that it is sometimes hard to find that a person is suffering from this disease, therefore, just to be safe make sure you have a healthy routine which includes a balanced diet and exercise routine as well.